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Personal letters general tips. Советы по написанию писем личного характера
Exam tips. Informal letter.

1 Titles and addresses. Адрес

Write address (Belgorod/Russia) and the date (15.06.2010) at the top right-hand corner of the page, then start the letter on the left-hand side. Start with Dear followed by the first name of the person to whom you are writing.

Belgorod

Russia

18.10.2012

Dear Michael,


2 Openings. Вступление

 When writing an informal letter, you are usually replying to another letter. Start with a greeting, then acknowledge the letter to which you are replying. It is often a good idea to acknowledge some key information given in the original letter too. You can also make a comment on your own reply.

 USEFUL PHRASES

Start with a greeting: How are you? | How have the family been? | I hope you are well.

Acknowledge the original letter: Thank you for the letter and parcel which arrived this morning. | It was great to hear from you again after such a long time. | I was so surprised to hear that you are going to university in America!

Make a comment on your reply: I have so much to tell you. | I'm sorry I haven't written for so long.

 3. Covering all issues. Отвечаем на вопросы, рассказываем новости

When you have finished your opening comments, begin a new paragraph and cover all the information that you want to mention. Make sure that your reply answers all questions that you were asked in the original letter and takes into account any additional information that you have been told to mention.

4 Using informal language. Полезные фразы

 Use intensifying adjectives and adverbs to show enthusiasm. Выразите свой энтузиазм: I've got a fantastic new job. | My new boss is an absolute nightmare.

 Use idiomatic language. Используйте фразеологизмы: Things have been getting on top of me at work lately. | It's been ages since we last managed to meet up. | What have you been up to lately? | Let me know what you think. | I'll fill you in when we next meet.

 Use informal vocabulary. Используйте разговорную лексикуget вместоreceive, I guess  вместо  I think

 Use phrasal verbs and phrases. исользуйте фразовые глаголы: we get on well, write back soon, get in touch.

 Use contractions. Используйте сокращения: I can't help thinking I should've told you sooner.

 USEFUL PHRASES

To introduce a topic: Well, you'll never guess who I bumped into yesterday. | I know how much you love tennis, so I've got us some tickets to Wimbledon. | By the way, did you know that John's got a new job?

 To go back to a previous topic: Anyway, as I was saying earlier, I really wasn't very happy there. | Now where was I? Oh yes, I nearly forgot, Mary asked me tell you about the cinema.

 To introduce surprising or bad news: Actually, he came to the party after all. | I'm really sorry but I can't make it. | To tell you the truth, I don't really like sports much.

 To summarise what you've already said: Anyway, we had a really nice time in the end. | Well, to cut a long story short, we didn't get there on time.

 5. Asking questions. Не забудьте задать вопросы.

Use question forms to make the letter read more like a conversation: How are your studies going? | How does that sound to you?

6. Closing statements. Заключение

 Полезные фразы

Give a reason why you're ending the letter: Anyway, I must go and get on with my work! | I guess it's time I got on with that studying I've been avoiding.

 Make a reference to future contact: Anyway, don't forget to let me know the dates of the party. | I'll try and phone you at the weekend to check the times. | We must try and meet up soon. | I can't wait to hear from you.

 A closing statement, such as Take care, Best wishes or Love should be written on a new line. If you used a comma after the opening greeting, use a comma here too. Your name then follows on another new line. 

Краткий образец:

Saint-Petersburg

Russia

15.06.10

Dear Sally,

Thank you for the letter. How are you? I hope you are well. It was great to hear from you again after such a long time. I'm sorry I haven't written for so long. I really should have written sooner. I have been busy with …

 

The body of the letter. (Само письмо)

 

Anyway, I must go and get on with my work!

Hope to hear from you soon.

All the best.

Kate

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